An Introduction to Wind-Up

An Introduction to Wind-Up

By: Craig Anderson, D.C.

Every once in a while I like to lift the veil of health sciences and talk about something you probably have never heard of.  In this post, we’ll look at a neurological phenomenon that occurs in the spinal cord and Brain called wind-up.

https://www.youtube.com/embed/K7tlG3n5pTk

Wind-up is a state of our nervous system where small stimulus (or no stimulus at all) can cause effects like irritability, anxiety and pain.

Without enough inhibition signals to the nerves, things can get out of control.  My work as a doctor of chiropractic involves daily helping patients that have this heightened response to stimuli.  Bad chemistry, eating a lot of garbage, taking strong medications and excessive worry are all causes of wind-up.

You can reduce wind-up with deep breathing, meditation, exercise and (of particular interest to me) a chiropractic adjustment.  An adjustment causes a blast of inhibition into the spinal cord.  This is one of the reason patients can feel an immediate reduction of pain after an adjustment.

If you would like to dig deeper and learn more about wind-up, review our archives.

Stay cool. – Dr. Anderson

Wind-up of spinal cord neurones and pain sensation: much ado about something? – PubMed – NCBI

Wind-up is a frequency-dependent increase in the excitability of spinal cord neurones, evoked by electrical stimulation of afferent C-fibres. Although it has been studied over the past thirty years, there are still uncertainties about its physiological meaning. Glutamate (NMDA) and tachykinin NK1 receptors are required to generate wind-up and therefore a positive modulation between these two receptor types has been suggested by some authors. However, most drugs capable of reducing the excitability of spinal

Source: Wind-up of spinal cord neurones and pain sensation: much ado about something? – PubMed – NCBI

Central and autonomic nervous system interaction is altered by short-term meditation

AbstractFive days of integrative body–mind training (IBMT) improves attention and self-regulation in comparison with the same amount of relaxation training. This paper explores the underlying mechanisms of this finding. We measured the physiological and brain changes at rest before, during, and after 5 days of IBMT and relaxation training. During and after training, the IBMT group showed significantly better physiological reactions in heart rate, respiratory amplitude and rate, and skin conductance response (SCR) than the relaxation control. Differences in heart rate variability (HRV) and EEG power suggested greater involvement of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) in the IBMT group during and after training. Imaging data demonstrated stronger subgenual and adjacent ventral anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) activity in the IBMT group. Frontal midline ACC theta was correlated with high-frequency HRV, suggesting control by the ACC over parasympathetic activity. These results indicate that after 5 days of training, the IBMT group shows better regulation of the ANS by a ventral midfrontal brain system than does the relaxation group. This changed state probably reflects training in the coordination of body and mind given in the IBMT but not in the control group. These results could be useful in the design of further specific interventions.

Source: Central and autonomic nervous system interaction is altered by short-term meditation

Addictions and Chiropractic Care

Addictions and Chiropractic Care

Abstract Objective: This is a case study of a 63 year old male free base and crack cocaine addict who was court mandated to the Exodus Addiction Treatment Center for residential addiction treatment following a conviction for cocaine possession along with a record of multiple felony arrests over a 40 year period.

Clinical Features: The patient was court mandated to the Exodus Addiction Treatment Center after failing to retain recovery or successfully complete eleven previous medical model/disease concept residential addiction treatment programs for free base and crack cocaine addiction. A comprehensive case history, psycho-social, neurological and addiction assessments, along with chiropractic examinations were performed in order to better understand the patient’s previous and current state of well-being and establish a treatment plan. Subluxations were detected after chiropractic examination.

Intervention and Outcomes: Torque Release Technique (a non-linear tonal model), P300 Wave testing, EMG, thermography and residential addiction treatment were combined for evaluation and application of care. Adjustments were performed with the Integrator adjusting instrument and were limited to Primary Subluxation. P300 Wave testing was performed with the Enigma P300.

Conclusions: Although subluxation based chiropractic care is not recognized as the main course of treatment for addiction, it is postulated that improvement of spinal neural integrity and neural dopaminergic pathway efficiency through chiropractic adjustments may contribute to improved homeostasis, Brain Reward Cascade and Reward Deficiency Syndrome thus allowing the body to express a greater state of well-being and human potential as an outcome.

Read Entire Study

Chiropractic Care May Aid Addiction Recovery | Addiction.com

The connection between spinal alignment and drug recovery has recently been studied by Jay Holder, a Florida doctor and chiropractor at the Exodus Treatment Center in Miami Beach. Holder studied treatment for drug addiction in nearly 100 participants, comparing treatment that involved chiropractic adjustments with patients who only received traditional, non-chiropractic rehabilitation care and another group who received “fake” spinal adjustments during their recovery program. Published in Molecular Psychia

Source: Chiropractic Care May Aid Addiction Recovery | Addiction.com